FANDOM


Ethnipedia's list of LanguagesEdit

*The "minority" and "majority" speakers on this list is a numbers game, regardless of whether a language is actually an offical or national in a country or whether it is native or L2 speakers. (Example: French is an official language in Canada, but only the French-Canadians from Quebec speak French but most Canadians speak English since most Canadians are of British descent. In Indonesia, the Indonesian language is spoken nearly 100% but 98% of the population learns their own dialects before Indonesian.) Also, some territories of countries might not be listed. (For example, Guam would count as United States, French Polynesia of France).


Sino-Tibetan Languages
Language Description Spoken as a majority in: Spoken as a minority in:
Chinese A world major language, the national language and main unifying lingua franca of China. China, Taiwan, Singapore United States, Malaysia, Vietnam
Mandarin A language spoken by most of the Han Chinese populations, this also includes the majority Chinese populations in Taiwan and Singapore. China, Taiwan, Singapore Vietnam, Malaysia, Philippines, United States
Cantonese A language that originated from the city of Canton, a sister-language of Mandarin also spoken by ethnic Han Chinese. China, Singapore Taiwan, Malaysia, United States, Philippines
Hokkien A dialect spoken by ethnic Hoklo Chinese *regional language

China, Taiwan, Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore

Tibetan A language spoken as the liturgical langauge of the Tibetan subsection of the Buddhist religion. *regional language China, Nepal, Bhutan
Italic Romance Languages
Language Description Spoken as a majority in: Spoken as a minority in:
Spanish A world major language, that is a prestige register of the Castilian dialect from Spain. Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Spain, Nicaragua, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Chile, Peru United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, United States, Philippines, France, Belize
Portuguese Another world major language, that is Portugal's prestige register of the Galician dialect from Spain Portugal, Brazil, São Tomé and Príncipe, Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, East Timor China, India
Italian Another world major language, spoken by Italian people. Italian is a direct descendant of the Latin language. Italy Vatican City, Switzerland, Somalia, Croatia, Libya, Montenegro, Eritrea
French A world major language, originated from France and the ethnic French people. France, Burundi, Burkina Faso, Chad, Cameroon, Comoros, Guinea, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Niger, Monaco, Togo, Vanautu, Senegal, Rwanda, Mali, Madagascar Belgium, Canada, Luxembourg, Vietnam, Switzerland
Castilian A native dialect from Spain, that eventually became the Spanish language. Castilian is Spain's national language and the direct versions of Spanish spoken in many South American countries. Spain, El Salvador, Venezuela, Bolivia, Chile, Peru, Paraguay, Uruguay, Suriname, Ecuador United Kingdom, Germany, France, Italy
Galician A dialect that originated from Galicia, a Spanish province. Portugal (as Portuguese) Spain
Catalan A Spanish dialect, that originated from Catalonia, Spain. *regional language Spain
Mirandese A dialect spoken in what is now northern Portugal *regional language

Portugal


Slavic Languages
Language Description Spoken as a majority in: Spoken as a minority in:
Russian A world major language, that originated from the Old East Slavic language spoken in Russia and most of its former territories. Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Tajkistan Ukraine, China, Uzbekistan, Georgia, Mongolia
Ukrainian An East Slavic language, spoken in the country of Ukraine, south of Russia. Also rooted from Old East Slavic, a sister language of Russian. Ukraine Moldova, Serbia, Poland, Romania, Croatia, Slovakia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Czech Republic
Belarusian An East Slavic language, that originated in Belarus long before Russian contact. *semi-extinct language Belarus
Rusyn An East Slavic language spoken by the Rusyn people or the "Carpatho-Russians" from the Caucius region *regional language Ukraine, Slovakia
Church Slavonic A South Slavic language, that is the liturgical language of the Eastern Orthodox Church. Russia, Bulgaria, Serbia, Montenegro, Ukraine, Belarus, Macedonia Kazakhstan, Bosnia
Serbian A South Slavic language, which is Serbia's national prestige register of the Serbo-Croatian dialect Serbia Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Austria, United States
Croatian A South Slavic language, which is Croatia's national register of the Serbo-Croatian dialect Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina Montenegro, Austria, Italy, Serbia
Bosnian A South Slavic language, which is Bosnia's national register of the Serbo-Croatian dialect Bosnia Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, Slovenia
Montenegrin A South Slavic language which is Montenegro's national register of the Serbo-Croatian dialect Montenegro Serbia
Bulgarian An eastern South Slavic language that is Bulgaria's national register of the Church Slavonic language Bulgaria Serbia, Ukraine, Romania
Macedonian An eastern South Slavic language that is Macedonia's national register of the Church Slavonic language Macedonia Albania, Romania and Serbia
Polish A world major language, West Slavic language originating from Poland Poland Romania, Ukraine, Belarus, Czech Republic, Slovakia
Czech A West Slavic language that is spoken in the Czech Republic. Czech Republic Slovakia
Slovak A West Slavic language that is spoken in Slovakia. Slovakia United States, Czech Republic, Ireland, Poland, Hungary, Croatia
Sorbian A West Slavic language spoken by the ethnic Sorbs from the German province of Lusatia. *regional language Germany
Austronesian Languages
Language Description Spoken as majority in: Spoken as a minority in:
Malay Known as Bahasa Melayu, a language that is spoken by the ethnic Malays as native language, situated around western and central Indonesia, all of Malaysia and Brunei, Singapore and southern Thailand. Malaysia (Malaysian), Indonesia (Indonesian), Brunei Singapore, Thailand
Indonesian Known as Bahasa Indonesia, this is Indonesia's national standard register of the Malay language. Indonesian contains noticeable differences from standard Malay. Indonesian is the unifying lingua franca of Indonesia. Indonesia, East Timor Netherlands, Philippines
Malaysian Known as Bahasa Malaysia, this is Malaysia's national standard register of the Malay language. Malaysian contains literally no difference from Bahasa Melayu. Malaysian is the unifying lingua franca of Malaysia. Malaysia Thailand, Singapore
Bruneian Called Brunei Melayu (literally means Bruneian Malay), this is the traditional dialect of Malay spoken in Brunei. Although Bahasa Melayu is Brunei's national language. This version of Malay is not readily intelligable with Bahasa Malaysia or Bahasa Indonesia. Brunei Malaysia
Javanese The predominant dialect spoken in Indonesia, second from Indonesian since Javanese make up most of Indonesia's population. Indonesia Malaysia
Filipino Also known as Pilipino, this is the Philippines's national prestige register of the Tagalog dialect, a dialect from the Central Manila area. This is the unifying lingua franca of Filipinos. Philippines United States, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, China
Tetum Tetum is one of East Timor's official language, spoken by the ethnic natives of East Timor. East Timor Indonesia
Balinese An indigenous dialect from the Indonesian island of Bali. Spoken by the Balinese people. *regional language Indonesia
Yawi A dialect spoken in southern Thailand, by both non-Malays and Malays. Used as a regional lingua franca of southern Thai people. *regional language Thailand
Sundanese A dialect that originated from the Sundanese people and spoken in most of Indonesia's western islands. *regional language Indonesia
Tagalog A dialect that originates from the central Manila area of the Philippines. One of the most spoken dialects in the Philippines. Philippines (as Filipino) United States, Malaysia, United Arab Emirates
Cebuano A dialect from the island of Visayas, in the central Philippines. The second most spoken dialect in the Philippines. *regional language Philippines
Tausūg A native dialect from the Sulu region of southern Philippines and northern Malaysia, spoken by the Tausūg people. The language is known as Bahasa Sūg. *regional language Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia
Buginese Native dialect spoken by the Bugis people of Malaysia and Indonesia. *regional language Malaysia, Indonesia
Samoan The dialect spoken by ethnic Samoans in the Polynesian region of Oceania. Samoa United States, Australia, New Zealand, China
Tongan A dialect that is closely related to Samoan, it is spoken by the ethnic Tongans, also in the Polynesian region of Oceania near Samoa. Tonga New Zealand, Australia, Fiji
Chamorro A Micronesian language, spoken by the Chamorros, a Micronesian ethnic group. Northern Mariana Islands United States
Malagasy A language spoken in the African island of Madagascar. Madagascar Comoros
Semitic Languages
Language Description Spoken as a majority in: Spoken as a minority in:
Hebrew Hebrew is one of the oldest surviving languages, that originates from what is now Israel. The ancient Jewish and Christian prophets spoke Hebrew. This is also a liturgical language for the Jewish religion. Israel *country isolate
Arabic Like Hebrew, Arabic is also one of the oldest surviving languages. Arabic and Hebrew in fact, are very close languages. Arabic originated from the Arabian Peninsula, the ancient Jewish and Christian prophets also spoke Arabic. Arabic is the liturgical language of Islam. Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Israel, Egypt, Chad, Nigeria, Sudan, Iraq, Yemen, Oman, Somalia, Libya, Lebanon, Mauritania, Qatar, Syria, Kuwait, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia, Chad, Camaros, Sudan Iran, Malaysia, Philippines, United States, United Kingdom, France
Aramaic Aramaic is an ancient language, still spoken that is from Aram, a region in central Syria. Aramaic is a very diverse language and conatains many dialects of itself as well. *regional language Iran, Iraq, Syria, Israel, Turkey
Germanic Languages
Language: Description: Spoken as a majority in: Spoken as a minority in:
German A world major language, West Germanic language that hails from Germany. Spoken in the country itself and most of its former territories. Germany, Austria, Swtizerland, Luxembourg, Liechtenstein Belgium, Poland, Russia, Italy
English A world major language, West Germanic language, originating from the ancient Anglo-Saxon language from United Kingdom. Declared the "international language". United States, Canada, Belize, United Kingdom, Philippines India, Pakistan, Mexico, Singapore, Ireland
Dutch Another West Germanic language, closely related to English. Dutch originates from the country Netherlands. Netherlands, Belgium Indonesia
Norwegian A North Germanic language, spoken in Norway and traces roots back to some Scandanavian and Old Norse languages. Norway Denmark
Luxembourgish A West Germanic and High German language, spoken in Luxembourg. Very close to German and Dutch. Luxembourg *country isolate
Swedish A North Germanic language, spoken in Sweden. Closely related to Danish and Norwegian. Sweden Finland, Spain, United States, Canada
Danish A North Germanic language, that has close roots and ties with Swedish, Dutch and Norwegian spoken in Denmark. Denmark Germany
Frisian One of the only surviving descendants of the Anglo-Saxon language, other than English. *regional language Netherlands, Germany
Yiddish A West Germanic/High German language that is spoken by Jews of Russia and Germany. *regional language Russia, Ukraine, Romania, Poland, Netherlands, Sweden, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Germany

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.